Musical Key Concepts


Rhythm
• Rhythm is the organization of long and short sounds and silences into patterns, moving with an underlying steady beat.
• Rhythmic durations can be notated with icons or specific music symbols.
• Meter is the organization of the underlying pulse into groups of twos or threes.

Form
• Form is the organization of musical ideas.

Texture
• Texture is the layering of sounds.

Melody
• Melody is the organization of pitch and duration and may have a tonal center.
• Melodies can be notated with icons or specific musical symbols.

Timbre
• Timbre is the organization of different qualities of sound generated by the manipulation of various physical materials found in the following: acoustic, electronic, environmental and vocal instruments.

Harmony
• Harmony is the simultaneous performance of two or more parts that are different yet musically compatible.

Expressive Elements
• Expressive elements (tempo, timbre, dynamics, articulation, and phrasing) are manipulated in performance to create an effect or mood.

Style
• Style is the manner in which music is performed reflecting historic/cultural traditions and genres.
• One piece of music may be performed in a variety of different styles.

Etiquette
• Performances have their own expectations for both audience members and performers.
• Proper respect and care of musical instruments and equipment have a profound effect on their ability to function and endure.